WHITE PAPER INTRODUCING UNIVERSAL BASIC INCOME Ljubomir Stankov, Dr. Mariana Todorova submitted by
We suggest a social financial system where inflation is transformed into basic income using blockchain technology. We believe that the universal basic income is inevitable because of the growing optimization, robotization and automation in almost every sector of our society, which probably will lead to disappearing of numerous jobs. The programmable nature of blockchain technology enables the introduction of a fair way to create a basic income. The idea is to issue a blockchain-based token (cryptocurrency) – named by us ‘Bincome’ (from basic income) –that is programmed with a negative interest in currency board with a fiat currency 1:1(or Bitcoin). The fairness is in the financing of the basic income, which will come not from the social/societal consumption, but from the storage of means/value.
The idea is based on several inspirations:
- Silvio Gesell's works
Gesell, S. (1919/1920,) Verteidigungsrede, Collected Works 12. Retrieved July 7, 2009, from http://www.silvio-gesell.de/html/lp03_2_autobiografisches_2.html^(.) Gesell, S. (1958.) The Natural Economic Order (Rev. ed (Pye, P., Trans.), London, Peter) Owen Ltd. (original German edition published in 1916)
- Experiment conducted in the Austrian town of Wörgl with Gesell's money)
- The Swiss bank WIR Bank which has been working on Gesell's principle for 80 years
- The idea of introducing the universal basic income
- Block-chain technology
Our idea is a blend of the above listed components. Intellectual property law allows the introduction of the proposed technology. It will be open source and everyone willing to collaborate is welcome.
Issues and needs addressed
The project will satisfy the need to fund the universal basic income in an alternative, up-to-date way/fashion. We will use a digital triple entry accounting system simulating inflation through a negative interest rate algorithm and distribute daily basic income to consumers/users. The system will work on a currency board with the fiat money, thus making money continuously secured and circulating in the economy. The “Bincomes” will not be subject to cash withdrawal. Each consume user will receive basic income daily, and if they do not spend it, they will not receive a new transaction the next day.
Why do we think it will work? The Wörgl’s experiment provides sufficient proof that this system works. Although there was no notion of basic income back at that time, the principle was the same. Currently, there is also an acting bank in Switzerland that has been working on the Gesell model for the last 80 years. The existence of WIR bank shows that our theory is implementable and that our social monetary system can be put in force. The universal basic income can give freedom to people to be full-fledged individuals.
Innovation in the idea
The main innovation is to digitize inflation and utilize it to fund basic income in an automated way on daily basis. The aim is to transform inflation into basic income. This innovation will allow the social functions of the state to be transferred directly into the financial system. The current financial system has been existing for quite a long time. However, what we are trying to do is to introduce it in an entirely new pattern. The idea is to upgrade it to the point of digitalization and opportunities for introduction of a tax for the storage of the value of the money. That new tax might seem as inflation, work as inflation but this money will be at our disposal at any time as they will be floating into the system.
Step by step the idea will be implemented in the following way:
- White paper for the Bincome proposition.
- Consultations with cryptographers and software experts
- Pricing of the product - the financing needed for the blockchain developers
- Search for investors
- Developing/prototyping the entire system
- Legal consultations on the legal framework for launching Bincome money
- Experiment - system test
Delivery Plan Technical development and prototype
We already have a white paper and we are ready to kick-off developing the project. We need to have an institutional support to start the experiment. By the end of 2018 we assume that we will have the software to run the experiment.
Detailed story of the idea
Creating digital currency with built-in negative interest (inflation) that is distributed among all users in the form of daily basic income. Money will be secured with a currency board and will be "uploaded" to a digital public accounting ledger - blockchain. This system will work in parallel with the fiat currency by contributing to the social functions of separate state/s.
The idea embodies a multitude of advantages. The first and most important one is that it is directed at the level of the individual. The problem that Bincome technology aims to address is related to the basic needs of each citizen, making sure that all these needs are covered.
The next issue that Bincome concerns is the assumption of labor market disintegration in the foreseeable future in Europe and worldwide. The suggested solutions aim to increase the potential of the individuals and to tackle the expected changes in the labor and social structures of our age.
Such a decision would also lead to a number of other secondary benefits. Taking into account the current status quo, we claim that the digitalization of economy is one of the most appropriate and adequate financial measurements.
Another advantage of Bincome is the potential reduction of the risks associated with low-profile domestic crime. Apart from contributing to human equality and reducing certain potential risks, the other specific problem that Bincome aims to solve is the mechanism of how basic income can be funded.
Bincome suggests that this should happen by introducing a blockchain based on a monetary/financial system that functions in a currency board with the existing currency systems. A small percentage of the total money volume of a certain economy is needed. In this digital system, we propose to set a negative interest rate algorithm based on Silvio Gesell's model. It considers the daily negative interest as funding back the accounts of all users in the system. The whole system will work on a blockchain upon an existing network. Bincome will circulate without removing the functions of the central banks. Each Bincome will be pegged 1: 1 with the official currency issued by the central bank. The creation of a new Bincome will therefore be associated with an initial available fund of state issued currency. The creation of a new Bincome will be possible through a private initiative or through the state.
In the first case, private interest may want to use the Bincome network. In this hypothesis, the amount it feeds into the network represents a counter number of Bincomes. In the next hypothesis, a state takes action to decentralize its social functions using Bincome technology. The analogy is the same, as the amount that enters is pegged.
The Bincome Network will work distributing every day basic income just as much as it takes from the negative interest rate of Bincomes in circulation.
The formula for calculating the cash volume in the basic income system is as follows: (100/daily negative interest rate) × daily basic income × population = money in the system
By integrating a parallel digital monetary system, we address another major problem - introducing basic income without disturbing the business climate in a working economy. The negative interest rate will be extracted mainly from the businesses as they are representing pools of capital. But businesses will not lose, because the percentage of the negative rate will go directly in benefit to all participants in the Bincome network. In that way business funds itself, as customers will be able to come back the next day. This network can work mainly for fast exchanging businesses and it is not applicable for slow tradable goods.
Lyubomir Stankov / Bincome (owner of the project),
Member of the Bulgarian Bitcoin Association; Member of Mensa
email: [[email protected]
), tel. +359877865518
address: Bulgaria, Sofia, Illinden bl. 114, entr. B, fl. 3 ap.37
Dr. Mariana Todorova, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (R&D),
Chair of The Millennium Project Node in Bulgaria
email: [mariana_g_[email protected]
), tel.:+359 886698929
address: Bulgaria, Sofia, 1618
9 Ljublina Str., fl.3, ap.5
Mois Natan, (blockchain consultant)
, tel.: +359 876766115
address: Bulgaria, Sofia1202
32 Maria Luisa Blvd.
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